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62 2023

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Súhrny čísla 2 / 2023

Sádecká, J. – Dimitrov, F. – Kolek, E. – Sesikashvili, O. – Kintsurashvili, K. – Kuchta, T.
Aroma-active compounds of Georgian black tea infusions as determined by gas chromatography-olfactometry
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 62, 2023, č. 2, s. 111-117

Jana Sádecká, Food Research Institute, National Agricultural and Food Centre, Priemyselná 4, P. O. Box 31, SK-82475 Bratislava 25, Slovakia. E-mail: jana.sadecka@nppc.sk

Original article Received 13 February 2023; 1st revised 13 March 2023; accepted 14 March 2023; published online 17 March 2023.

Súhrn: Aroma belongs to the most important quality characteristics of black tea infusions. Volatile aroma-active compounds were analysed in infusions of black tea produced in Georgia in two major production locations. For this purpose, solid phase microextraction was used to isolate the volatile fractions, which were subsequently analysed by gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The method used involves a combination of instrumental separation and sensory analysis by the human nose, which provide quantitative data to characterize the organoleptic quality and allow the detection of volatile compounds with strong aroma perception even if present at low concentration levels. Overall, 59 odouric zones were identified in the lowland black tea and 57 odouric zones were identified in the highland black tea. The aroma-active compounds comprised alcohols, aldehydes, terpenes, ketones, phenolics lactones, furanes, furanones and long chain fatty acids. Odorously most pronounced compounds in both Georgian black tea infusions were benzaldehyde, beta-ionone, delta-decalactone, (E)-linalool-3,7-oxide, furaneol, hexanal, indole and 2-phenylethanol. The results demonstrated that Georgian black tea is of good quality, being compatible with international requirements, while indicating specific components that might be interesting for its use in premium blends.

Kľúčové slová: black tea; aroma; gas chromatography - olfactometry; volatile

Na stiahnutie:
  jfnr-2023-2-pp111-117-sadecka.pdf (PDF, 359.03 Kb, 207x)