Scientific journal

52 2013

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 4 / 2013

Bilgiçli, N. – Levent, H.
Improvement of nutritional properties of cake with wheat germ and resistant starch
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 52, 2013, No. 4, s. 210-218

Nermin Bilgiçli, Department of Food Engineering, Engineering and Architecture Faculty, Necmettin Erbakan University, Dr. Hulusi Baybal Street 12, 42050 Konya, Turkey. Tel.: +90-332-280 80 46; fax: +90-332-236 21 41, e-mail:

Summary: Wheat germ (WG) and resistant starch (RS) are important functional ingredients for cereal products. In this study, WG (0%, 10% and 20%) and commercial RS (0%, 5%, 10% and 15%) were used to replace wheat flour in cake formulation and their effects on nutritional, physical and sensory properties of cakes were investigated. WG replacement increased ash, protein, lipid, crude fibre, Ca, Fe, K, Mg, P and Zn contents of the cakes. Rich phytic acid (PA) composition of WG increased the PA content of the cakes from 1?001.2 mg·kg-1 up to 2?908.2 mg·kg-1. High replacement level of wheat flour by RS (15%) caused a significant (p < 0.05) decrease in protein, PA, Mg and P contents of the cakes. RS contents of the cakes varied between 7.2 g·kg-1 and 49.0 g·kg-1, and approached the highest value with 15% RS addition. Combination of WG and RS at high replacement levels adversely affected volume index and firmness of the samples. WG increased the darkness and yellowness of the crust and crumb of cakes. WG at 20% alone or in combination with 5% RS gave similar pore structure, taste, odour and overall acceptability score compared to control cake.

Keywords: wheat germ; resistant starch; cake; minerals; phytic acid

  (pdf, 126.11 Kb, 2724x)