Scientific journal

51 2012

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 4 / 2012

The enantiomer distribution of major chiral volatile organic compounds in Slovakian monofloral honeys
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 51, 2012, No. 4, s. 236-241

Ivan Špánik, Institute of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemical and Food Technology, Slovak University of Technology, Radlinského 9, SK 812 37 Bratislava, Slovakia. Tel: +421 2 59325 283, Fax: +421 2 52926043, e-mail:

Summary: In this work, the distribution of enantiomers of selected chiral volatile organic compounds in 45 monofloral honey samples was studied by gas chromatography (GC). The volatile organic compounds were extracted from Slovakian rapeseed, acacia, sunflower basswood and raspberry honeys by solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography – mass spectrometric (GC-MS) analysis. The chiral compounds present at higher contents were selected from 230 organic compounds found in studied samples for determination of their isomeric ratios. It was found that one-dimensional GC with chiral stationary phases provided excellent enantiomer separations; however, the resolved enantiomers often co-eluted with other non-chiral or already separated enantiomers of other organic compounds. Thus, two-dimensional GC with two independent thermostats and proper column setup was required to determine correct isomeric ratios. Finally, the isomeric ratios of linalool, cis- and trans-furanoid linalool oxides, hotrienol and four isomers of lilac aldehydes were determined. It was found that distribution of enantiomers in honey samples partially depended on their botanical origin. The differences in ratios of lilac aldehyde isomer B and hotrienol were observed for acacia honey that allowed us to distinguish this type of honey from others. Similarly, a different isomeric ratio of trans-furanoid linalool oxide was found for sunflower honeys.

Keywords: derivatized cyclodextrin stationary phase; enantioselective gas chromatography; enantiomeric separation; honey; multidimensional gas chromatography

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