Scientific journal

60 2021

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Summary No. 3 / 2021

Ozturk, E. E. – Ozgen, L.
Association between nutrition label reading status and the Healthy Diet Indicator-2015
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 60, 2021, No. 3, s. 263-270

Elif Esra Ozturk, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey; Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Yusuf Serefoglu Faculty of Health Sciences, Kilis 7 Aralık University, 7 Aralık Street, Kilis, Turkey. E-mail:

Received 24 May 2021; 1st revised 27 July 2021; accepted 2 August 2021; published online 14 September 2021.

Summary: Nutrition labelling is a population-based approach for facilitating health-compatible nutrition choices through the provision of food nutrient content information to consumers. The Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI-2015), which is based on adherence to World Health Organization’s (WHO) nutrition guideline is used as a priori measure of diet quality. This study aimed to examine the association between nutrition label reading and HDI-2015 in young adults. In this study, 106 adults aged 19–44 years were recruited. HDI-2015 and three-day food records were used to determine diet quality indices. In this study, 61.3 % of the participants read nutrition labels, and nutrition label readers had a greater fruits and vegetables as well as fibre and potassium intake. In addition, nutrition label readers had a higher HDI-2015 mean score than non-readers, and 56.9 % of nutrition label readers had moderate adherence to HDI-2015, while 58.5 % of non-readers had low adherence. The study results demonstrated the relationship between reading nutrition labels and dietary quality, and that nutrition label readers tended to eat healthier than non-readers. Therefore, nutrition labels are an invaluable motivational tool to achieve behavioural changes that can lead to improved health outcomes in combatting obesity and other non-chronic nutritional diseases.

Keywords: nutrition label; Healthy Diet Indicator-2015; label reading; diet quality

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