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56 2017

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Súhrny čísla 3 / 2017

Klátyik, S. – Darvas, B. – Oláh, M. – Mörtl, M. – Takács, E. – Székács, A.
Pesticide residues in spice paprika and their effects on environmental and food safety
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 56, 2017, č. 3, s. 201-218

Szandra Klátyik, Agro-Environmental Research Institute, National Agricultural Research and Innovation Centre, Herman Ottó u. 15, H-1022 Budapest, Hungary. Tel.: +36709311456, e-mail: sz.klatyik@cfri.hu

Received 28 February 2017; 1st revised 20 April 2017; accepted 3 May 2017; published online 17 July 2017

Súhrn: Environmental and food safety of spices used for flavouring in food production, or for culinary purposes in catering and at households, receive relatively low attention, particularly in low volume spice trade networks, even though potential spice contaminants may exert adverse effects on food safety and quality. Contamination surveys of spices generally focus on microbial impurities or mycotoxins. Yet, pesticide residues are also prevalent chemical contaminants in spices of the Capsicum species, including chilli and spice paprika. To avoid human exposure to pesticide residues through food, maximum residue levels (MRLs) have been established for each authorized pesticide active ingredient in given commodities, yet high variability is seen in MRLs even among Capsicum products. The official notification network of the European Union on food and feed contamination, Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed (RASFF), systematically reports on cases of non-compliance of food products with the corresponding food safety requirements since 1998. To assess environmental and food safety and to maintain the quality of the “Hungaricum” spice paprika products, the levels of pesticide residues as contaminants in spice paprika and chilli are discussed on the basis of RASFF alerts and notifications, and on the basis of other contamination cases reported in the scientific literature.

Kľúčové slová: spice paprika; Capsicum; pesticide residues; Rapid Alert System for Food and Feed; maximum residue level

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