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55 2016

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Súhrny čísla 1 / 2016

Velioglu, H. M.
Low-fat beef patties with cold-pressed oils optimized by mixture design
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research, 55, 2016, č. 1, s. 89-100

Hasan Murat Velioglu, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Namik Kemal University, Degirmenalti Campus, 59030 Tekirdag, Turkey. Tel: +90 282 2502299, e-mail: mvelioglu@nku.edu.tr

Received 29 October 2015; 1st revised 7 February 2016; accepted 9 February 2016; published online 15 February 2016.

Súhrn: Partial animal fat replacement by cold-pressed grape seed oil (GSO) and pomegranate seed oil (PSO) on low-fat beef patties was studied using simplex-centroid mixture design. Linear and quadratic model equations were developed in order to associate the independent variables, namely, animal fat, GSO and PSO, and the responses measured during the 12 days storage. The model for fat loss showed that increase in PSO significantly decreased fat loss (p < 0.05). However, increase in animal fat and GSO significantly increased fat loss (p < 0.05). The oils had notable preventive effect against the drop of pH (p < 0.05) during the 6 days storage. The oils prevented early lipid oxidation where the highest thiobarbituric acid values belonged to the samples containing high amounts of animal fat (p < 0.05). Cold-pressed oils showed neither preventive nor promoting effect on the growth of the monitored microorganisms. While GSO and PSO have a strong aromatic profile, none of the patties were rejected by the panelists. The results suggested that partial replacement of animal fat in beef patties by cold-pressed oils is possible.

Kľúčové slová: meat products; optimization; fat reduction; seed oil

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