Vedecký časopis

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Online First Articles

Udechukwu, M. C. – Abbey, L. – Nwodo, U. – Udenigwe, C. C.
Potential of Moringa oleifera seeds and leaves as functional foods ingredients for human health promotion

Chibuike Chinedu Udenigwe, School of Nutrition Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, 451 Smyth Road, Ontario, K1H 8L1, Canada. E-mail: cudenigw@uottawa.ca

Received 20 September 2017; 1st revised 23 November 2017; accepted 8 December 2017

Súhrn: Moringa (Moringa oleifera Lam.) is a tropical and subtropical shrub used for horticultural, food, and folk medicinal purposes, and possess prospects for use in meeting human nutritional needs and in health promotion. The interest in the application of Moringa oleifera as a functional food or source of nutraceuticals is an indication of the versatility of the plant and its extensive medicinal properties and use in the temperate and semi-temperate regions. Moringa seeds and leaves constitute the most utilized parts, and contain bioactive compounds that can regulate osmotic adjustments, enzymatic and hormonal activities, and various metabolic pathways. Studies have shown that they possess the capacity to intervene in human diseases including diabetes, obesity, inflammation, cancer, hypertension, and microbial infections. Their biological effects, especially in chronic diseases, are discussed in this review, focusing on the active phytochemicals and mechanisms of action. Further research is needed to identify the physiological targets, specific molecular mechanisms, and bioaccessibility/bioavailability of the active components in Moringa seeds and leaves. Most importantly, thorough human trials are strongly needed to validate efficacy and risk of toxicity, in order to facilitate their development and incorporation into foods as health-promoting agents.

Kľúčové slová: Moringa oleifera; functional foods; natural health products; phytochemicals; biological activities