Vedecký časopis

Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Online First Articles

Akhatova, D. – Laknerová, I. – Zdeňková, K. – Ólafsdóttir, G. – Magnúsdóttir, S. – Piknová, Ľ. – Kýrová, V. – Lerch, Z. – Hanák, P.
International interlaboratory study on TaqMan real-time polymerase chain reaction authentication of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus)

Petr Hanák, Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Food Microbiology, Food Research Institute Prague, Radiová 1285/7, Prague 10 10231, Czech Republic.E-mail: Petr.Hanak@vupp.cz, tel.: +420 296792208

Received 2 October 2017; 1st revised 7 November 2017; accepted 7 November 2017

Súhrn: An interlaboratory study of five laboratories testing real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) based on TaqMan probe detection of black seabream (Spondyliosoma cantharus) fish is presented in this work. The method is based on the intron of the nuclear gene encoding the main protein of the musculature of the fish – parvalbumin. This feature distinguishes the employed approach from those based on mitochondrial genes. Here, the intron is flanked by exon stretches highly conserved among species. This provides a unique advantage when a new fish species emerges as a commodity on the market: Species-versatile degenerate primers can be easily designed on these conserved exon stretches. Therefore the initial uncertainty of the species-specific sequence of the intron can in such case be bypassed during the adoption of the method to this particular new species – amplicon obtained at this pilot stage provides sequence of the intron itself. DNA isolates from eight exemplars of black seabream (S. cantharus) and from nineteen other fish species used as a negative control were tested in this study by participating laboratories. The readouts in qualitative assessment were 100% accurate. The quantitative results provided an average value and variation among samples representing particular exemplars of black seabream (S. cantharus).

Kľúčové slová: real-time polymerase chain reaction; TaqMan; Spondyliosoma cantharus; fish; species identification; interlaboratory study